Articles for Mauritania

During its Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on January 19, 2021, Mauritania received over 250 recommendations from nearly 100 United Nations Member States on issues including the right to life, gender-based violence and the prohibition of slavery. Mauritania also received recommendations on how to safeguard the peaceful exercise of fundamental rights, including freedoms of expression, association and assembly. The persistence of discriminatory practices as well as the lack of a long-term resolution of the “Passif humanitaire” were also addressed during the review.
Alors que la Mauritanie vient de célébrer, le 28 novembre, le 60e anniversaire de son indépendance vis-à-vis de la France, cette date correspond pour une partie de la population à un épisode moins glorieux de l’histoire du pays.

On the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of the independence of Mauritania on 28 November 2020, the Cadre de Concertation des Rescapés Mauritaniens en Europe et aux Etats Unis (CCRM-E/USA) and its member organisations launch an urgent appeal for the settlement of the period commonly referred to as “Passif humanitaire”, a euphemistic term referring to the massive human rights violations (i.e. extrajudicial executions, torture, deportations etc.) against the Afro-Mauritanian populations between 1986 and 1992.

On November 28, 2019, Mauritania celebrated the anniversary of its independence from France. This date corresponds with another, less joyful, anniversary, that of the summary execution of 28 Afro-Mauritanian soldiers on November 28, 1990. Taking place at the Inal military base, this event is symptomatic of the gross human rights violations committed during the so-called "Passif humanitaire" period between 1989 and 1991.

During its review of Mauritania, the UN Human Rights Committee raised issues including impunity for crimes committed in the 1980s and 1990s, the shortcomings of the state’s anti-torture legislation and violations to fundamental rights and freedoms.