Kuwait

Being the first country in the Gulf to adopt a Parliament and a Constitution, Kuwait was long-known for its more representative political system and respect for fundamental liberties. With the beginnings of the Arab uprisings across the region, however, demands by civil society for governmental reform, transparency and more political participation became louder. These were not met by the authorities, and, on the contrary, freedom of expression and peaceful assembly have increasingly been restricted.

In recent years, new legislation has been passed or existing legal provisions amended to further curtail freedom of speech, with human rights defenders, journalists, opposition politicians and other peaceful dissidents being prosecuted for criticising the Emir or other state institutions. 

Kuwait’s judiciary is only partially independent as judges are appointed by the Emir and non-Kuwaiti judges have fixed-term renewable contracts, in direct contradiction to the principle of irremovability of judges, which is meant to ensure their independence and impartiality.

Discrimination against Kuwait’s proportionally large stateless population of about 120,000 to 200,000 individuals continues. The Bidoon community lives in marginalisation and deprived of their most basic economic and social as well as civil and political rights.

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Country legislation

Penal Code (AR)

Nationality Law

Press and Publication Law 

Cyber Crime Law (AR)

Public Gatherings Law (AR)

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Latest Cases
Human Rights Instruments
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
B
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR ratified?
ICCPR ratified on
Has the Human Rights Committee individual complaint mechanism been accepted?
Has the second Optional Protocol of the ICCPR (abolition of the death penalty) been ratified?
Human Rights Committee Concluding Observations last issued on
Next Human Rights Committee state report due on
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT ratified?
UNCAT ratified on
Has the Optional Protocol to the UNCAT been ratified?
No
Has a National Preventive Mechanism against torture been created?
Has the confidential inquiry procedure been accepted?
Committee against Torture (CAT) Concluding Observations last issued on
Next CAT state report due on
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED ratified?
Human Rights Council
Last Universal Periodic Review (UPR) held on
Next Universal Periodic Review to be held on
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2014